New Delhi, June 4 (IANS) As many as 73 per cent informal and migrant workers lost their jobs in Delhi during the lockdown, according to a survey conducted by the Azim Premji University.
The survey of 240 respondents found that the average earnings of non-agricultural self employed and casual wage workers fell by 63 per cent.
As per the survey, women suffered more employment losses, as 77 per cent women lost their jobs against 66 per cent men.
Indicating distress, the survey said that nine in 10 migrant households reported consuming less food than before, while three out of four households or 75 per cent did not have money to buy a week's worth of essentials.
More than half of the vulnerable households did not receive ration, while nearly seven in 10 migrants did not receive the same.
Seven out 10 (73 per cent) vulnerable households did not get any cash transfer, as per the survey.
The survey conducted by the Azim Premji University has shown heavy job losses among informal and migrant workers, up to 70-80 per cent, in the states of Gujarat, Rajasthan, Delhi and the city of Pune.
The disruption in the economy and labour markets in these places is enormous. Livelihoods have been devastated at unprecedented levels during the lockdown. The recovery from this could be slow and very painful, the survey said.
It found that Covid-19 and its associated safety measures, such as the lockdown since March 24, have taken a heavy toll on the economy, and particularly on the vulnerable informal and migrant workers and their families.
The sample for the survey was selected using the networks of civil society organisation collaborators. "The findings pertain only to the sample and are not representative of the entire state. Findings should not be compared across states," it said.
For the state of Gujarat, a survey of 315 respondents showed that seven out of 10 (71 per cent) workers lost their employment. Urban workers were more severely affected with nine out 10 losing their jobs since the lockdown. As many as 96 per cent of regular salaried workers in the urban areas lost their jobs.
The survey said that nearly nine in 10 farmers were not able to sell their produce at full price. Nearly seven in 10 households did not have enough money for a week's worth of essentials and the situation was worse in the urban areas at 89 per cent.
As many as 95 per cent of urban households reported reducing their food intake during the lockdown. Six per cent of urban households did not receive any cash transfer compared to 51 per cent of rural households.
In Rajasthan, a survey of 484 respondents showed that nearly nine in 10 (88 per cent) workers reported losing their employment. Casual wage workers in the urban areas were the worst hit, as 95 per cent of them lost their jobs. Sixty-eight per cent of salaried workers were not paid salaries or received only partial payments.
More than three in four households reported consuming less food during the lockdown while 63 per cent of vulnerable households did not have money to buy even a week's worth of essentials.
Four in 10 households had to take a loan as a result of the lockdown, as per the survey. Three in 10 migrants working in the urban areas did not have a ration card. Nearly four in 10 vulnerable households in the urban areas received no cash transfers.
In Pune, a survey of 307 respondents showed that nearly eight out of 10 (78 per cent) lost their employment during the lockdown. Men were worse affected, as 86 per cent reported employment loss compared to 72 per cent women. More than two-third (67 per cent) of salaried workers did not receive salary or were paid partially.
Eight in 10 households were consuming less food than before, while nine in 10 households were unable to pay the next month's rent.
Nearly four in 10 (37 per cent) households were unable to get ration and 96 per cent of vulnerable households did not have a Jan Dhan account.
Nine in 10 (94 per cent) vulnerable households did not receive any cash transfer, as per the survey.